It is not called “crowning glory” for nothing. Caring for your hair has always been part of who we are as a person. Healthy, long locks have long been associated with a woman’s beauty. Men have also been associated with thick and healthy looking hair to define their youth and masculinity.
Our hair lets us express ourselves and our creativity. The trick is to maintain this creativity, without causing so much damage to your hair that it begins to fall out.
Basic Hair Growth and Structure
The cuticle is the outermost layer, which is colorless and protects the other two layers inside it.
The cortex is the middle layer. It is where the strength, color and texture of the hair can be found.
The medulla is the innermost layer and mostly found in coarse hair.
How to Know if You Have Damaged Hair
We all have different hair textures. Some of us were born with naturally straight, wavy, curly or thick hair, according to our DNA. The popular means of changing the type of hair we naturally have, is to alter its texture, for example by having your hair permed or straightened.
Chemical and heat styling your hair too often, and/or having an unhealthy diet is also significant factors leading to hair damage. Listed below are the most common results of damaged hair:
Split ends occur when your hair is very dry, often giving your hair a frizzy look.
A sign of heat damage is brittle hair that breaks of easily when you brush your hair.
When your hair begins to fall out simply by brushing or combing, shampooing and conditioning, and sometimes just shedding on its own, it is damaged.
If your hair looks dehydrated and dull, this could be a sign of damaged hair from too much styling.
Dyeing to Often
Hydrogen peroxide, which is an additive to hair dyes, can damage hair. The severity of the damage depends on the products being used, how you care for your dyed hair, and dying your hair too often.
Normal tangles are fine, but if your hair becomes hard to comb and difficult to untangle, damaged hair is present. This can easily be seen with dryness on the ends of the hair.
What Causes Hair Damage?
There are different factors that can cause damage to your locks:
Like your skin and nails, hair also is affected by poor nutrition. When you lack essential vitamins, your hair becomes brittle and dry. Without sufficient amounts of vitamins, especially protein, Vitamin A and B5 and Omega-3 fatty acids, you will lose the vibrancy of your hair.
Shampooing your hair is essential for good hygiene; however, doing this excessively will cause your hair to become very dry. Modern shampoos and conditioners contain chemicals that can do more harm than good to your hair’s health.
Perming, bleaching, coloring and straightening hair calls for the use of chemicals to alter the hair’s natural structure. When you subject your hair to too much chemical styling, it becomes brittle and may even cause excessive shedding.
UV Ray Exposure
Ultraviolet rays can cause damage to the hair cuticle. Staying under the sun for too long, or too often without protection, leads to frizzy hair and discolors your hair, if you dye your hair..
Styling Tools and Harsh Brushing
Blow drying, curling and straightening your hair with heat styling tools, can damage your hair. Heat styling can damage your hair cuticle, leading to frizzier and unmanageable hair over time.
Home Remedies to Repair Damage Hair
Eggs are rich in proteins, which is essential for repairing damaged hair by moisturizing the hair cuticles. If you use mainly the egg whites, it reduces oil and dirt build-up in your hair.
Try it! Use egg whites to remove buildup of residue from styling products you use daily. Apply egg whites on damp hair and leave on for half an hour. Wash and style as you may desire. For best results, apply every other week as a hair mask.
Add 3 egg yolks into a half cup of olive oil. Apply the mixture on damp hair, and let it soak for 15-20 minutes. Rinse thoroughly. For best results, apply once a month.
Honey helps revive dry and damaged hair, because it locks in moisture to your hair.
Try it! Apply honey to damp hair. Let it soak for half an hour and rinse. You can mix a tablespoon of olive oil into a half cup of honey to thin it out and for easier application.
This fruit is rich in protein and good fat. While it is good to include it in your meal plan, it’s also great for your hair!
Try it! Mash an avocado and apply on damp hair. Let it soak hair for 15-30 minutes and wash thoroughly.
A lot of people are raving about the benefits of coconut oil for their skin. This oil is also great for damaged hair, as it nourishes and conditions dry hair.
Try it! Apply coconut oil on dry and clean hair. Make sure to coat your hair evenly and leave it on for an hour or overnight if yours is very dehydrated. Do this once a week for best results.
It is widely used for its countless health skin benefits. But did you know that it can add shine to your hair and prevents split ends? Its healthy fat content moisturizes hair and makes hair more manageable. Olive oil even has anti-inflammatory properties that can soothe an itchy scalp.
Try it! Apply olive oil onto hair and scalp. Concentrate on the ends of your hair to further prevent split ends. Leave it on for 30 minutes to an hour. Rinse and style as you may desire. Use this once a week as a moisturizing mask.
How can you Prevent Hair Damage?
It is always better to take care of your hair before it becomes damaged. Even if you can repair the damage done, it is best to keep your hair healthy majority of the time.
Use less styling products, if you can. When at home, letting your hair dry naturally and brushing gently can help your hair recover from the daily styling.
Get a trim regularly, even if you’re growing out your hair. Trimming your hair prevents split ends, and makes your hair healthier and tangle-free.
Remove all hair products like pomade, mouse, gels, hair spray, etc. properly. Hair product build-up can dry out your hair and even cause damage in the long run.